Auteur Topic: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)  (gelezen 11379 keer)

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Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Gepost op: februari 08, 2006, 03:59:25 am »
 :P :P hoi

(voor een kortere lijst met minder titel-details, zie Motley Blue - regeerperioden keizers)

Deze lijst is afkomstig uit het boek " Roman Imperial Coins" door Van Meter.  Het is volgens de auteur (DeKobold op PPVL) gescande informatie dus er kunnen fouten in zitten..

27 B.C. - Augustus: AVG
23 B.C. - Augustus: TR.P. for life
20 B.C. - Augustus: IMP.4
15 B.C. - Augustus: IMP.5
13 B.C. - Augustus: COS.11,
- Tiberius: COS.1
12 B.C. - Augustus: IMP.11; PONT.MAX.
- Tiberius: IMP
11 B.C. - Augustus: IMP.12
8 B.C. - Augustus: IMP .14
- Tiberius: IMP.2
7 B.C. - Tiberius: COS.2
6 B.C. - Tiberius: TR.P.
5 B.C. - Tiberius: TR.P.-TR.P.2
4 B.C. - Tiberius: TR.P.2-3
3 B.C. - Tiberius: TR.P.3-4
2 B.C. - Augustus: P.P.,
- Tiberius: TR.P.4-5
1 B.C. - Tiberius: TR.P.5 expires, is not renewed
4 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.6
5 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.6-7; IMP.3
6 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.7-8
7 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P. 8-9
8 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.9-10; IMP.5
9 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.10-11
10 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.11-12
11 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.12-13; IMP.6
12 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.13-14; IMP.7
13 A.D. - Augustus: IMP.20
- Tiberius: TR.P.14-15
14 A.D. - Augustus: :{died Aug. 19th}
- Tiberius: AVG {Aug 19th}; PONT.MAX.;TR.P.15-16
15 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P. 16-17
16 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.17-18
17 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.18-19
18 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.19-20; IMP.8; COS.3
19 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.20-21
20 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.21-22
21 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.22-23; COS.4
22 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.23-24;
- Drusus: TR.P.
23 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.24-25
24 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.25-26
25 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.26-27
26 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.27-28
27 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.28-29
28 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.29-30
29 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.30-31
30 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.31-32
31 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.32-33; COS.5
32 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.33-34
33 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.34-35
34 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.35-36
35 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.36-37
36 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.37-38
37 A.D. - Tiberius: TR.P.38; {died Mar. 16th},
- Caligula: AVG.; PONT.MAX.; TR.P. {Mar. 16th}; COS.,
- Claudius: COS.1
38 A.D. - Caligula: TR.P.-TR.P.2; P.P.
39 A.D. - Caligula: TR.P.2-3; COS.2
40 A.D. - Caligula: TR.P.3-4; COS.3
41 A.D. - Caligula: TR.P.4; COS.4; {killed Jan. 24th},
- Claudius: AVG., PONT.MAX.; TR.P. {Jan. 25th}; IMP.1-4
42 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.-TR.P.2; COS.2; P.P.
43 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.2-3; COS.3
44 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.3-4; IMP.5-7
45 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.4-5; IMP.8
46 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.5-6; BRIT.
47 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.6-7; IMP12-13; COS.4; CENSOR
48 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.7-8; IMP 14-15
49 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.8-9; IMP.16
50 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.9-10; IMP.17-20;
- Nero: CAES.
51 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.10-11; IMP.11-13; COS.5,
- Vespasian: COS.1
52 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.11-12; IMP.14-16
53 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.12-13; IMP.17
54 A.D. - Claudius: TR.P.13-14; {died Oct.13th},
- Nero: AVG.; PONT.MAX.; TR.P. {Oct. 13th},
55 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.-TR.P.2; COS.; P.P.
56 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.2-3
57 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.3-4; IMP.3; COS.2
58 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.4-5; IMP.4-5; COS.3
59 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.5-6; IMP.6
60 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.6-7; IMP.7; COS.4
61 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.7-8; IMP.8-9
62 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.8-9
63 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.9-10
64 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.10-11
65 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.11-12
66 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.12-13; IMP.11
67 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.13-14; IMP.12
68 A.D. - Nero: TR.P.14; COS.5; {suicide, June 9th}
- Galba {1}: IMP {April}
- Galba {2}: AVG.; CAES.; TR.P. {June 9th}; PONT.MAX.
69 A.D. - Galba: TR.P.; {murdered Jan. 15th},
- Otho: AVG. {Jan. 15th}; TR.P.; IMP. {suicide, Apr. 17th},
- Vitellius: AVG. {Jan. 2nd}; TR.P.; IMP.; PONT.MAX.; {killed Dec. 20th},
- Vespasian: AVG.; TR.P. {July 1st}; IMP.-IMP.2; PONT.MAX.,
- Titus: CAES.,
- Domitian: CAES.
70 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.-TR.P.2; IMP.3-5; COS.2; P.P.,
- Titus: COS.
71 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.2-3; IMP.6-8; COS.3,
- Titus: TR.P. {July 1st}; IMP.-IMP.2
- Domitian: COS.,
- Nerva: COS.
72 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.3-4; IMP.9; COS.4
- Titus: TR.P.-TR.P.2; IMP.3; COS.2
73 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.4-5; IMP.10; CENS.,
- Titus: TR.P.2-3; IMP.4; CENS.,
- Domitian: COS.2
74 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.5-6; IMP.11-12; COS.5
- Titus: TR.P.3-4; IMP.5-6; COS.3
- Domitian: COS.3
75 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.6-7; IMP.13-14; COS.6
- Titus: TR.P.4-5; IMP.7-8; COS.4
76 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.7-8; IMP.15-18; COS.7
- Titus: TR.P.5-6; IMP.9-12; COS.5
- Domitian: COS.4
77 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.8-9; COS.8
- Titus: TR.P.6-7; COS.6,
- Domitian: COS.5
78 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.9-10; IMP.19,
- Titus: TR.P.7-8; IMP.13
79 A.D. - Vespasian: TR.P.10; IMP.20; COS.9 {died June 24th}
- Titus: AVG. {June 24th}; TR.P.8-9; PONT.MAX.; IMP.14-15; COS.7; P.P.,
- Domitian: COS.6
80 A.D. - Titus: TR.P.9-10; COS.8,
- Domitian: COS.7
81 A.D. - Titus: TR.P.10-11; IMP.16-17 {died Sept. 13th}
- Domitian: AVG.; TR.P. {Sept. 13th}; PONT.MAX.; IMP.; P.P.
82 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.-TR.P.2; IMP.2; COS.8,
83 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.2-3; IMP.3-4; COS.9; GERM.
84 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.3-4; IMP.5-7; COS.10
85 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.4-5; IMP.8-11; COS.11; CENS.
86 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.5-6; IMP.12-14; COS.12
87 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.6-7; COS.13
88 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.7-8; IMP.15; COS.14
89 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.8-9; IMP.16-21
90 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.9-10; COS.15,
- Nerva: COS.2
91 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.10-11,
- Trajan: COS.
92 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.11-12; IMP.22; COS.16
93 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.12-13
94 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.13-14
95 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.14-15; COS.17
96 A.D. - Domitian: TR.P.15-16; {murdered Sept. 18th},
- Nerva: AVG.; TR.P. {Sept. 18th}; PONT.MAX.; P.P.
97 A.D. - Nerva: TR.P.-TR.P.2; IMP.2; COS.3; GERM.,
- Trajan: TR.P.; CAES., GERM.
98 A.D. - Nerva: TR.P.2; COS.4; {died Jan 25th},
- Trajan: AVG.; TR.P. {later} TR.P.2-3; IMP.; COS.2; PONT.MAX.; P.P. {Note: soon after accession, Trajan adopted Nerva’s Tribunician Powers dating scheme as his own, thus continuing the TR.P.2-3 of Nerva}
99 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.3-4
100 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.4-5; COS.3
101 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.5-6; IMP.2; COS.4
102 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.6-7; IMP.3-4; DACICVS.
103 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.7-8; COS.5; OPTIMO PRINCEPS
104 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.8-9; IMP.5
105 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.9-10
106 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.10-11; IMP.6
107 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.11-12
108 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.12-13
109 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.13-14
110 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.14-15
111 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.15-16
112 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.16-17; COS.6
113 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.17-18
114 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.18-19; IMP.7; OPTIMVS AVGVSTVS
115 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.19-20; IMP.8-13; PARTHICVS
116 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.20-21
117 A.D. - Trajan: TR.P.21; {died Aug. 8th},
- Hadrian: AVG.; TR.P. {Aug. 8th}; IMP.; PONT.MAX.
118 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.-TR.P.2; COS.2
119 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.2-3; COS.3
120 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.3-4,
- Anton. Pius: COS.
121 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.4-5
122 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.5-6
123 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.6-7
124 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.7-8
125 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.8-9
126 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.9-10
127 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.10-11
128 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.11-12; P.P
129 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.12-13
130 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.13-14
131 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.14-15
132 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.15-16
133 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.16-17
134 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.17-18
135 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.18-19; IMP.2
136 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.19-20,
- Aelius: CAES.; COS.2
137 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.20-21,
- Aelius: TR.P. {?}
138 A.D. - Hadrian: TR.P.21; {died July 10th},
- Anton. Pius {1}: CAES; TR.P. {Feb. 25th}; COS.DES.2;
- Anton. Pius {2}: AVG. {July 10th}; IMP.; PONT.MAX.; PIVS
139 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.-TR.P.2; COS.2/DES.3; P.P.,
- Marcus Aurelius: CAES. COS.DES
140 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.2-3; COS.3,
- Marcus Aurelius: COS.
141 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.3-4
142 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.4-5
143 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.5-6; IMP.2
144 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.6-7; COS.DES.4,
- Marcus Aurelius: COS.DES.2
145 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.7-8; COS.4,
- Marcus Aurelius: COS.2
146 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.8-9,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.
147 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.9-10, then TR.P.ll entered early, on Dec. 10th, on which date he annually renewed the tribunician powers from thence on,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.2 {Dec. 10th}
148 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.11-12,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.2-3
149 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.12-13,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.3-4
150 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.13-14,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.4-5
151 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.14-15,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.5-6
152 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.15-16,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.6-7
153 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.16-17
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.7-8
154 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.17-18,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.8-9
155 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.18-19,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.9-10
156 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.19-20,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.10-11
157 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.20-21,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.11-12,
- Lucius Verus: COS.
158 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.21-22,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.12-13
159 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.22-23,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.13-14
160 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.23-24,
- Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.14-15
161 A.D. - Anton. Pius: TR.P.24; {died Mar. 7th}
- Marcus Aurelius: AVG. {on Mar. 7th}; TR.P.15-16; IMP.; COS.3; PONT.MAX,
- Lucius Verus: AVG.; TR.P {on March 7th}-TR.P.2 {Dec. 10th}; IMP.; COS.2
162 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.16-17,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.2-3
163 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.17-18; IMP.2,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.3-4; IMP.2,
164 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.18-19; ARMENIACVS,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.4-5; ARMENIACVS,
165 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.19-20; IMP.3,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.5-6; IMP.3,
166 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.20-21; IMP.4; PARTHICVS; MAXIMVS; MEDICVS; P.P.;
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.6-7; IMP.4; PARTHICVS; MAXIMVS; MEDICVS; P.P.
167 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.21-22,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.7-8; COS.3
168 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.22-23; IMP.5,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.8-9; IMP.5
169 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.23-24,
- Lucius Verus: TR.P.9; {died early that year},
170 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.24-25
171 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.25-26; IMP.6
172 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.26-27
173 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.27-28
174 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.28-29; IMP.7
175 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.29-30; IMP.8; GERM.; SARM.,
- Commodus: CAES.; GERM.; SARM.
176 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.30-31
177 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.31-32; IMP.9,
- Commodus: AVG.; TR.P., then TR.P.2, then TR.P.3 {Dec. 10th}; COS.; IMP.1-2; P.P.
178 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.32-33,
- Commodus: TR.P.3-4
179 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.33-34; IMP.10,
- Commodus: TR.P.4-5; IMP.3; COS.2
180 A.D. - Marcus Aurelius: TR.P.34; {died Mar. 17th},
- Commodus: TR.P.5-6; IMP.4; PONT.MAX.
181 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.6-7; COS.3
182 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.7-8; IMP.5
183 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.8-9; IMP.6; COS.4; PIVS
184 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.9-10; IMP.7; BRIT.
185 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.10-11; FELDC
- Septimius Severus: COS.
186 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.11-12; IMP.8; COS.5
187 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.12-13
188 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.13-14
189 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.14-15
190 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.15-16; COS.6
191 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.16-17
192 A.D. - Commodus: TR.P.17-18; COS.7; {murdered Dec. 31st}
193 A.D. - Pertinax: AVG. {Jan. 1st}; CAES.; IMP.; TR.P.; COS.2; {murdered Mar. 28th},
- Didius Julianus: AVG. {Mar. 28th}; CAES.; IMP.; TR.P.; COS.; PONT.MAX.; {executed June 2nd},
- Pescennius Niger: AVG. {April}; IMP.; CAES.; COS.2; {died in Fall},
- Septimius Severus: AVG. {Apr. 13th}; CAES.; TR.P.; IMP.1-2.
- Clodius Albinus: CAES.; COS.2,
194 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st, and renewed annually on this date}; IMP.3-4; COS.2; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
195 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.3; IMP.5-7; PARTHICVS ARABICVS; PARTHICVS ADIABENICVS,
- Clodius Albinus: AVG. {in the Fall}; IMP..
196 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.4; IMP.8,
- Caracalla: CAES.,
197 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.5; IMP.9-10,
- Clodius Albinus: {suicide, Feb. 19th},
- Caracalla: FONT.; IMP.DES.,
198 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.6; IMP.ll; PARTHICVS
- Caracalla: AVG.; TR.P.; IMP.,
- Geta: CAES.
199 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.7,
- Caracalla; TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st},
200 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.8,
- Caracalla: TR.P.3,
- Geta: FONT.,
201 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.9,
- Caracalla: TR.P.4,
202 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.10; COS.3,
- Caracalla: TR.P.5; COS.,
203 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.ll,
- Caracalla: TR.P.6,
204 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.12,
- Caracalla: TR.P.7,
205 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.13,
- Caracalla: TR.P.8; COS.2,
- Geta: COS.,
206 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.14,
- Caracalla: TR.P.9,
207 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.15,
- Caracalla: TR.P.10,
208 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.16,
- Caracalla: TR.P.ll; COS.3,
- Geta: COS.2,
209 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.17,
- Caracalla: TR.P.12; {first bearded portraits},
- Geta: AVG. {in the Fall}; TR.P.; IMP.; {first bearded portraits},
210 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.18; BRIT.,
- Caracalla: TR.P.13; BRIT.,
- Geta: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1ST}; BRIT.,
211 A.D. - Sept. Severus: TR.P.19; {died Feb. 4th},
- Caracalla: TR.P.14; PONT.MAX.{Feb. 4th}; P.P.,
- Geta: TR.P.3; P.P.,
212 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.15; IMP.2,
- Geta: TR.P.4; {murdered Feb. 4th},
213 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.16; COS.4; GERM., FELIX,
214 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.17; IMP.3,
215 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.18,
216 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.19
217 A.D. - Caracalla: TR.P.20; {murdered Apr. 8th},
- Macrinus: AVG. {Apr. llth}; IMP.; TR.P.; COS. {honorary}; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
- Diadumenian: CAES.,
218 A.D. - Macrinus: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st}; COS.; COS.2; {executed in June},
- Diadumenian: AVG.; {executed in June},
- Elagabalus: AVG. {May 16th}; TR.P.; IMP.; COS.; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
219 A.D. - Elagabalus: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st}; COS.2,
220 A.D. - Elagabalus: TR.P.3; COS.3,
221 A.D. - Elagabalus: TR.P.4,
- Severus Alexander: CAES.,
222 A.D. - Elagabalus: TR.P.5; COS.4; {murdered Mar. 6th},
- Severus Alexander: AVG. {Mar. 6th}; TR.P.; IMP.; COS.; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
223 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st},
224 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P .3
225 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P .4
226 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.5; COS.2,
227 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P .6,
228 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P .7,
229 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.8; COS.3,
230 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.9,
231 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.10; PIVS,
232 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.ll,
233 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.12,
234 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.13,
235 A.D. - Severus Alexander: TR.P.14; {murdered in_March}
- Maximinus: AVG. {in March}; TR.P.; IMP., PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
- Maximus: CAES. {in March},
236 A.D. - Maximinus: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st}; COS.; GERM.
- Maximus: GERM.,
237 A.D. - Maximinus: TR.P.3,
238 A.D. - Maximinus: TR.P.4 {murdered June 24th},
- Maximus: {murdered June 24th}
- Gordian I: AVG. {Mar. 22nd}; CAES, TR.P.; COS.; IMP.; PONT.MAX.; P.P.; {died Apr. 12th}
- Gordian II: AVG. {Mar. 22nd}; CAES.; IMP.; {died
- Balbinus: AVG. {Apr. 22nd}; CAES, IMP._TR.P., COS 2 {from previous consulships}; PONT.MAX., P P.; {died July 29th}, __ _
- Pupienus.: AVG. {Apr. 22nd}; CAES, IMP, TR.P. ; COS 2 {from previous consulships}; PONT.MAX., P.P.;{died July 29th},
- Gordian III {1}: CAES. {in May},
- Gordian III {2}: AVG {July 29th}; TR.P.; IMP.; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
239 A.D - Gordian III: TR.P.-TR.P.2 {?renewed July 29th?}; COS.,
240 A.D. - Gordian III: TR.P.2-3; PIVS FELIX,
241 A.D. - Gordian III: TR.P.3-4; COS.2,
242 A.D. - Gordian III: TR.P.4-5,
243 A.D. - Gordian III: TR.P.5-6{?} {there is some trouble dating the late tribunician powers of Gordian},
244 A.D. - Gordian III: TR.P.6{?}-7; {died Feb. 25th},
- Philip I: AVG. {Feb. 25th}; TR.P.; IMP.; PONT.MAX.; P.P.,
- Philip II: CAES; TR.P,
245 A.D. - Philip I: TR.P.2 {Jan. 1st}; COS.,
- Philip II: TR.P.2 {Jan 1st},
246 A.D. - Philip I: TR.P.3,
- Philip II: TR.P.3,
247 A.D. - Philip I: TR.P.4; COS.2; PIVS FELDC,
- Philip II: AVG. {in May}; TR.P.4; COS.,
248 A.D. - Philip I: TR.P.5; COS.3,
- Philip II: TR.P.5; COS.2,
249 A.D. - Philip I: TR.P.6; {killed in Sept.},
- Philip II: TR.P.6 {killed in Sept.}
- Trajan Decius: AVG. {in Sept.}; IMP.; CAES.,
250 A.D. - Herennius Etruscus: CAES. {in Sept.},
- Hostilian: CAES. {in December},
251 A.D. - Trajan Decius: {killed in June}
- Herennius Etruscus: AVG. {in May, killed in June},
- Trebonianus Gallus: AVG. {in June}; PONT.MAX.; PIVS FELIX,
- Volusian {1}: CAES. {in June}
- Hostilian: AVG. {in July, died in Nov.},
- Volusian {2}: AVG. {in Nov.}; IMP.; PIVS FELIX,
252 A.D. - Trebonianus Gallus: COS.2,
- Volusian: COS.,
253 A.D. - Trebonianus Gallus: {killed in May}
- Volusian: COS.2, {killed in May}
- Aemilian: AVG- {in April} IMP-; CAES.; TR.P.1; PONT.MAX.; PIVS FELIX; P.P.; {killed in July},
- Valerian: AVG {in Sept.}; IMP.;CAES.; TR.P.; COS.; PIVS FELIX
- Gallienus: AVG. {in Sept.}; IMP.; CAES.; TR.P.; PIVS FELIX,
254 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.2; COS.2,
- Gallienus: TR.P.2; COS.,
255 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.3; COS.3,
- Gallienus: TR.P.3; COS.2,
- Valerian II: {died},
256 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.4,
- Gallienus: TR.P.4,
- Valerian II: CAES. {in Sept.},
257 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.5; COS.4,
- Gallienus: TR.P.5; COS.3,
258 A.D. -Valerian: TR.P.6,
- Gallienus: TR.P.6,
- Saloninus: CAES.,
259 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.7,
- Gallienus: TR.P.7,
260 A.D. - Valerian: TR.P.8; {captured in June},
- Gallienus: TR.P.8,
- Macrianus: AVG. {in Sept.}; IMP.; CAES.; PIVS FELIX,
- Quietus: AVG {in Sept.} IMP.; CAES.; TR.P.; COS.; PIVS FELIX,
- Saloninus: AVG. {died the same year},
- Postumus; AVG.; CAES.;' IMP; TR P; COS.; PIVS FELIX
261 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.9; COS.4,
- Macrianus: {died in the Spring},
- Quietus: {died in Nov.},
- Postumus: TR.P.2; COS.2,
262 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.10; COS.5,
- Postumus: TR.P.3; COS.3,
263 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.11,
- Postumus: TR.P.4,
264 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.12; COS.6,
- Postumus: TR.P.5,
265 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.13,
- Postumus: TR.P.6,
266 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.14; COS.7,
- Postumus: TR.P.7,
267 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.15,
- Postumus: TR.P.8; COS.4,
- Victorinus: COS.,
268 A.D. - Gallienus: TR.P.16; {died Aug.},
- Claudius II: AVG {in Aug.}; IMP.; CAES.; TR.P.; PONT.MAX.,
- Postumus: TR.P.9,
269 A.D. - Claudius II: TR.P.2; COS.,
- Postumus: TR.P.10; COS.5; {murdered that year},
- Laelianus: AVG.; CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX; {died that year},
- Marius: AVG.; CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX; {died that year},
- Victorinus: AVG.; CAES.; IMP.; TR.P.; COS.2; PIVS FELIX,
270 A.D. - Claudius II: {died Jan.}
- Quintillus: AVG. {in Jan., died same year}; CAES.; IMP.,
- Aurelianus: AVG. {in Apr.?}; IMP.; CAES.,
- Vabalathus: IMP.,
271 A.D. - Aurelian: COS.,
- Victorinus: {died}
- Tetricus: AVG.; CAES.; IMP.; TR.P.; PIVS FELIX,
- Vabalathus: AVG.; CAES.; {captured that year},
272 A.D. - Tetricus: COS.; TR.P.2,
273 A.D. - Tetricus: COS.2; TR.P.3
- Tetricus II: CAES.,
- Tacitus: COS.,
274 A.D. - Tetricus: COS.3; TR.P.4 {abdicated that year},
- Aurelian: DEO ET DOMINO,
275 A.D. - Aurelian: {murdered in Apr.}
- Tacitus: AVG. {in Sept.}; CAES.; IMP.; TR.P.; PIVS FELIX,
276 A.D. - Tacitus: COS.2; {murdered in Apr.},
- Florian: AVG. {in Apr., murdered in June}; CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX,
- Probus: AVG. {in Apr.}; CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX,
277 A.D. - Probus: TR.P. (perpetual); COS.; P.P..
278 A.D. - Probus: COS.2,
279 A.D. - Probus: COS.3,
280 A.D. -
281 A.D. - Probus: COS.4
282 A.D. - Probus: COS.5; {murdered in Sept.},
- Carus: AVG. {in Sept.}; CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX,
- Carinus: CAES. {in Okt.},
- Numerian: CAES. {in Dec.},
283 A.D. - Carus: {died in Aug.}
- Carinus: AVG. {in Mar.}; IMP.; TR.P.; COS.; PIVS FELIX,
- Numerian: AVG. {in Mar.}; IMP.; TR.P.; COS.; PIVS FELIX,
284 A.D. - Numerian: {murdered in Nov.},
- Diocletian: AVG. {in Nov.} CAES.; IMP.; PIVS FELIX,
285 A.D. - Carinus: {murdered in Apr.},

Dat was 'em, ik hoop dat ie van dienst kan zijn  

Groeten



Dit is een citaat van DeKobold uit ppvl forum, deze thread daar.

 ;)
Lx

History

11-09-06 EDDOP - correctie tav caesar Numerianus en Carinus
« Laatst bewerkt op: juni 28, 2009, 01:37:03 am door Goodies »

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Goden en Personificaties op Romeinse munten alfabetisch!
« Reactie #1 Gepost op: juli 21, 2006, 07:05:19 am »
Nog iets in dit genre, bron was unrv

Abeona Protector of children leaving the home.
Abudantia Goddess of luck, abundance and prosperity. She distributed food and money from a cornucopia.
Adeona Goddess who guides children back home.
Aequitas God of fair trade and honest merchants.
Aera Cura Goddess associated with the underworld.
Aeternitas Personification of eternity.
Africus God of the Southwest wind.
Alemonia Goddess who feeds unborn children.
Angerona Goddess of Secrecy and protector of Rome. Festival Divalia or Angeronalia December 21.
Angita Goddess of Healing and Witchcraft.
Anna Perenna Goddess of the New Year provider of food. Her festival is March 15.
Antevorte Goddess of the future.
Aquilo God of the North Wind.
Aurora Goddess of the dawn.
Auster God of the South Wind.
Bona Dea Goddess of fertility, healing, virginity and women. Festival May 1.
Camenae Goddesses of wells and springs.
Candelifera Goddess of childbirth.
Cardea Goddess of thresholds and door hinges.
Carmenta Goddess of childbirth and prophecy. Festiva Carmentalial January 11 and 15.
Carnea Goddess of the heart and other organs, and door handles. Festival June 1.  
Cinxia Goddess of marriage.
Clementia Goddess of mercy and clemency.
Cloacina Goddess of the Cloaca Maxima, the system of sewers in Rome.
Coelus God of the sky.
Concordia Goddess of agreement and understanding.
Conditor God of the harvest.
Consus God of grain storage. Festivals Consualia August 21 and December 15.
Convector God of bringing in of the crops from the fields.
Copia Goddess of wealth and plenty.
Corus God of the North West wind.
Cunina Goddess of infants.
Dea Dia Goddess of growth. Festival in May.
Dea Tacita Goddess of the dead. Larentalia festival on December 23.
Decima Goddess of childbirth. With Nona and Morta she forms the Parcae (the three Fates).
Dia Lucrii Gods of profit.
Devera  Goddess of brooms used for purification.
Deverra Goddess of women in labor and the patron of midwives
Disciplina Goddess of discipline.
Discordia Goddess of discord and strife.  
Dius Fidus God of oaths.
Egestes Goddess of poverty.
Empanda Goddess of openess, friendliness and generosity.
Eventus Bonus God of success both in commerce and in agriculture.
Fabulinus God who taught children to speak.
Fama Goddess of fame and rumor.
Fauna (Bona Dea) Goddess of the Earth, Mother Goddess.
Faunus God of the wilds and fertility. He is the protector of cattle also referred to as Lupercus. Festivals are Lupercalia on February 15 and Faunalia on December 5.
Faustitas Goddess protectress of herds of livestock
Favonius God of the West Wind.
Febris Goddess who protected people against fevers.
Felicitas Goddess of success.
Feronia Goddess of freedom and good harvest. She was often worshipped by slaves to achieve their freedom. Her festival is November 15.
Fides Goddess of faithfulness and good faith.
Flora Goddess of Spring and the blooming flowers. Her festival Floralia, was April 28 - May 1.
Fontus God of wells and springs. Festival October 13
Fornax Goddess of bread baking and ovens.
Fortuna Goddess of fate.
Fulgora Goddess of lightning.
Furina Goddess of thieves.
Honos God of chivalry, honor and miltary justice.
Indivia Goddess of jealousy.
Juturna Goddess of lakes, wells and springs. Her festivals are January 11 and August 23.
Juventas Goddess of youth.
Lactans God of agriculture.
Lares Guardian spirits of the house and fields.
Laverna Goddess of unlawful gain and trickery.
Liber God of fertility and nature. Festival March 17.
Libera Fertility Goddess.
Liberalitas God of generosity.
Libertas Goddess of freedom.
Libitina Goddess of funerals.
Lima Goddess of thresholds.
Lucifer God of the morning star.
Lucina Goddess of childbirth and midwifery.
Luna Goddess of the moon.
Maia Goddess of fertility and Spring.
Maiesta Goddess of honor and reverence.
Mania Goddess of the dead.
Manes Similar to the Lares, Genii and Di Penates. They were the souls of deceased loved ones. They were honored during the Parentalia and Feralia in February.
Matuta Goddess of the dawn, harbors and the Sea. Patron of newborn babies. Her festival day is June 11.
Meditrina Goddess of wine and health. Her festival is the Meditrinalia on October 11.
Mefitas Goddess of poisonous vapors from the earth.
Mellona Goddess and protector of bees.
Mena Goddess of menstruation.
Mens Goddess of the mind and consciousness. Her festival is May 8.
Messor God of agriculture and mowing.
Moneta Goddess of prosperity.
Mors God of death.
Morta Goddess of death and one of the three Parcae.
Muta Goddess of silence.  
Mutinus Mutunus God of fertility.
Naenia Goddess of funerals.
Necessitas Goddess of destiny.
Nemestrinus God of the woods.
Nona Goddess of pregnancy. One of the Parcae with the Goddesses Morta and Decima, the Roman Fates.
Nox Personification of the night.
Nundina Goddess of the ninth day, on which the newborn child was given a name.
Obarator God of ploughing.
Occator God of harrowing.
Orbona Goddess of parents who lost their children.
Orcus God of death and the underworld. Also a god of oaths and punisher of perjurers.
Pales Goddess of shepherds and flocks.Her festival was the Palilia, on April 21.
Parcae Goddesses of fate. The Goddesses Nona, Morta and Decima make up the group. The three Parcae are also called Tria Fata.  
Pax Goddess of peace. Her festivals are January 3 and 30 and July 4.
Penates Gods of the storeroom and the household.
Picus God of agriculture.
Pietas Goddess of piety.  
Poena Goddess of punishment.
Pomona Goddess of fruit trees and orchards.
Portunes God of ports and harbors. He is the guardian of storehouses and locked doors. The Portunalia were observed on August 17
Porus God of plenty.
Postverta Goddess of the past.
Potina Goddess of children's drinks.
Priapus God of gardens, viniculture, sailors and fishermen.
Prorsa Postverta Goddess of women in labor.
Providentia Goddess of forethought.
Pudicitia Goddess of modesty and chastity.
Puta Goddess of the pruning of vines and trees.
Quirinus Old Sabine god with mysterious origins. Became very important as a figure of the state. His festival, the Quirinalia, was celebrated on February 17.
Quiritis Goddess of motherhood.
Robigo Goddess of corn.
Robigus God who protected corn from diseases. His festival, the Robigalia, took place on April 25.  
Roma Personified Goddess of the City of Rome.
Rumina Goddess of nursing mothers.
Sancus God of oaths and good faith.
Saritor God of weeding and hoeing.
Securitas Goddess of security and stability.
Semonia Goddess of sowing.
Sors God of luck.
Spes Goddess of hope.
Stata Mater Goddess who guards against fires.
Stimula Goddess who incites passion in women.
Strenua Goddess of strength and vigor.
Suadela Goddess of persuasion, especially in matters of love.
Subrincinator God of weeding.
Summanus God of night thunder. His festival is June 20.
Tempestes Goddesses of storms.
Terminus Terminus was the god of boundaries. Festival February 23.
Terra Mater (Mother Earth) Goddess of fertility and growth. She was worshipped on April 15 in the Fordicia.
Trivia Goddess of the crossroads.
Vacuna Goddess of agriculture.
Veritas Goddess of truth.
Vertumnus God of the changing seasons and the ripening of fruits and grains.
Viduus God who separated the soul and the body after death.
Viriplacaa Goddess of marital strife.
Virtus God of courage and military prowess.
Vitumnus God who gave life to children in the womb.
Volturnus God of the waters. His festival was the Volturnalia on August 27.
Volumna Goddess who protects the nursery.
Vulturnus God of the East Wind.
« Laatst bewerkt op: maart 08, 2007, 04:37:45 am door aurelianus »

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #2 Gepost op: september 11, 2006, 05:02:53 am »
Zie onder de VOT-tabel uit de RIC, voor datering munten van de Constantini.

 :)
Lx

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #3 Gepost op: september 11, 2006, 13:33:21 pm »
Dank voor de nuttige info..   :D
Kan het goed gebruiken.

mvg  :) Germanicvs

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #4 Gepost op: september 11, 2006, 22:29:16 pm »
Hallo Lex, een kleine correctie m.b.t. het CAES worden van Carinus en Numerianus. Dit gebeurde niet gelijkertijd Carinus was de eerste omstreeks Okt/Nov 282 Numerianus volgde in Dec. 282.

gr. Eddop 

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zoeklijst: Gods of the Roman Pantheon
« Reactie #5 Gepost op: december 11, 2006, 01:31:42 am »
Major gods

Apollo Greek (Apollo) Apollo is the son of Jupiter and Leto, and the twin brother of Diana . He is the god of music, playing a golden lyre. The Archer, far shooting with a silver bow. The god of healing who taught man medicine. The god of light. The god of truth, who can not speak a lie. One of Apollo's more important daily tasks is to harness his chariot with four horses an drive the Sun across the sky. He is famous for his oracle at Delphi. People traveled to it from all over the Greek world to divine the future. His tree was the laurel. The crow his bird. The dolphin his animal. 

Ceres Greek (Demeter) Corn Goddess. Eternal Mother. the Sorrowing Mother. Grain Mother. Goddess of agriculture, grain, crops, initiation, civilization, lawgiver and the love a mother bears for her child. Protectress of women, motherhood, marriage. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. She and her daughter Proserpine were the counterparts of the Greek goddesses Demeter and Persephone. Her worship involved fertility rites and rites for the dead, and her chief festival was the Cerealia. 

Diana Greek (Artemis) Fertility Goddess. Moon Goddess. Huntress Goddess. Triple Goddess- Lunar Virgin, Mother of Creatures, the Huntress or Destroyer. Goddess of nature, fertility, childbirth, wildwood, moon, forests, animals, mountains, woods, and women. Goddess of the hunt. In Roman art Diana usually appears as a huntress with bow and arrow, along with a hunting dog or a stag. Both a virgin goddess and an earth goddess, she was identified with the Greek Artemis. She is praised for her strength, athletic grace, beauty and her hunting skills. With two other deities she made up a trinity: Egeria the water nymph (her servant and assistant midwife), and Virbius (the woodland god). 

Juno Greek (Hera) Queen of the Gods. Jupiters wife and sister, sister to Neptune and Pluto, daughter of Saturn, mother of Juventas, Mars, and Vulcan. Protectress of the Roman state. She was the guardian of the Empire's finances and considered the Matron Goddess of all Rome. The Matronalia, her major festival is March 1-2. Her other festival, on July 7-8, was called Nonae Caprotinae ("The Nones of the Wild Fig"). The month of June was named after her.

Jupiter Greek (Zeus) Ruler of the Gods. He is the god of Sky, Lightning and Thunder. He is the son of Saturn and brother of Neptune, Pluto and Juno, who is also his wife. His attribute is the lightning bolt and his symbol the eagle, who is also his messenger. He was also considered the Patron god of Rome, and his temple was the official place of state business and sacrifices.

Mars Greek (Ares) God of war, spring, growth in nature, agriculture, terror, anger, revenge, courage and fertility. Protector of cattle. The son of Jupiter and Juno, he was the god of war. Mars was regarded as the father of the Roman people because he was the father of Romulus, the legendary founder of Rome, and husband to Bellona. He was the most prominent of the military gods that were worshipped by the Roman legions. The martial Romans considered him second in importance only to Jupiter. His festivals were held in March (named for him) and October.

Mercury  Greek (Hermes) God of Trade, Profit, Merchants and Travellers. His main festival, the Mercuralia, was celebrated on May 15 and on this day the merchants sprinkled their heads and their merchandise with water from his well near the Porta Capena. The symbols of Mercury are the caduceus (a staff with two intertwined snakes) and a purse (a symbol of his connection with commerce).
Minerva Greek (Athena)

Etruscan (Menrva)
 Goddess of Wisdom, Learning, the Arts, Sciences, Medicine, Dyeing, Trade, and of War. Daughter of Jupiter, protectress of commerce, industry and education. Honored at the spring equinox with her main festival, March 19 - 23, called the Quinquatria. On June 13 the minor Quinquatrus was observed. 

Neptune  Greek (Poseidon) God of the Sea. Brother of Jupiter, Pluto and Juno. The God and patron of Horses and Horse Racing as Neptune Equester. Neptunalia was celebrated on July 23. The trident is Neptune's attribute. 
Venus  Greek (Aphrodite) Originally a Goddess of Gardens and Vinyards, Venus became the major deity of love and beauty after the influx of Greek deities. On August 18 the Vinalia Rustica was observed. A second festival, that of the Veneralia, was celebrated on April 1 in honor of Venus Verticordia, who later became the protector against vice. On April 23 a festival, the Vinalia Priora, celebrated the opening of one of her temples.

Vesta  Greek (Hestia) Goddess of the Fire (both sacred and domestic) and the Hearth. Daughter of Saturn and Ops. Her sacred animal was the ass. Patroness of bakers. Her chief festival was the Vestalia on June 7. One of the most worshipped of the Roman deities.
Vulcan  Greek (Hephaestus) God of Fire, Blacksmiths and Craftsmanship. His forge is located beneath Mount Etna. It is here that he, together with his helpers, forges weapons for Gods and heroes. Closely associated with Bona Dea with whom he shared the Volcanalia, observed on August 23.


Minor gods

Abeona Protector of children leaving the home.
Abudantia Goddess of luck, abundance and prosperity. She distributed food and money from a cornucopia.
Adeona Goddess who guides children back home.
Aequitas God of fair trade and honest merchants.
Aera Cura Goddess associated with the underworld.
Aeternitas Personification of eternity.
Africus God of the Southwest wind.
Alemonia Goddess who feeds unborn children.
Angerona Goddess of Secrecy and protector of Rome. Festival Divalia or Angeronalia December 21.
Angita Goddess of Healing and Witchcraft.
Anna Perenna Goddess of the New Year provider of food. Her festival is March 15.
Antevorte Goddess of the future.
Aquilo God of the North Wind.
Aurora Goddess of the dawn.
Auster God of the South Wind.
Bona Dea Goddess of fertility, healing, virginity and women. Festival May 1.
Camenae Goddesses of wells and springs.
Candelifera Goddess of childbirth.
Cardea Goddess of thresholds and door hinges.
Carmenta Goddess of childbirth and prophecy. Festiva Carmentalial January 11 and 15.
Carnea Goddess of the heart and other organs, and door handles. Festival June 1.  
Cinxia Goddess of marriage.
Clementia Goddess of mercy and clemency.
Cloacina Goddess of the Cloaca Maxima, the system of sewers in Rome.
Coelus God of the sky.
Concordia Goddess of agreement and understanding.
Conditor God of the harvest.
Consus God of grain storage. Festivals Consualia August 21 and December 15.
Convector God of bringing in of the crops from the fields.
Copia Goddess of wealth and plenty.
Corus God of the North West wind.
Cunina Goddess of infants.
Dea Dia Goddess of growth. Festival in May.
Dea Tacita Goddess of the dead. Larentalia festival on December 23.
Decima Goddess of childbirth. With Nona and Morta she forms the Parcae (the three Fates).
Dia Lucrii Gods of profit.
Devera  Goddess of brooms used for purification.
Deverra Goddess of women in labor and the patron of midwives
Disciplina Goddess of discipline.
Discordia Goddess of discord and strife.  
Dius Fidus God of oaths.
Egestes Goddess of poverty.
Empanda Goddess of openess, friendliness and generosity.
Eventus Bonus God of success both in commerce and in agriculture.
Fabulinus God who taught children to speak.
Fama Goddess of fame and rumor.
Fauna (Bona Dea) Goddess of the Earth, Mother Goddess.
Faunus God of the wilds and fertility. He is the protector of cattle also referred to as Lupercus. Festivals are Lupercalia on February 15 and Faunalia on December 5.
Faustitas Goddess protectress of herds of livestock
Favonius God of the West Wind.
Febris Goddess who protected people against fevers.
Felicitas Goddess of success.
Feronia Goddess of freedom and good harvest. She was often worshipped by slaves to achieve their freedom. Her festival is November 15.
Fides Goddess of faithfulness and good faith.
Flora Goddess of Spring and the blooming flowers. Her festival Floralia, was April 28 - May 1.
Fontus God of wells and springs. Festival October 13
Fornax Goddess of bread baking and ovens.
Fortuna Goddess of fate.
Fulgora Goddess of lightning.
Furina Goddess of thieves.
Honos God of chivalry, honor and miltary justice.
Indivia Goddess of jealousy.
Juturna Goddess of lakes, wells and springs. Her festivals are January 11 and August 23.
Juventas Goddess of youth.
Lactans God of agriculture.
Lares Guardian spirits of the house and fields.
Laverna Goddess of unlawful gain and trickery.
Liber God of fertility and nature. Festival March 17.
Libera Fertility Goddess.
Liberalitas God of generosity.
Libertas Goddess of freedom.
Libitina Goddess of funerals.
Lima Goddess of thresholds.
Lucifer God of the morning star.
Lucina Goddess of childbirth and midwifery.
Luna Goddess of the moon.
Maia Goddess of fertility and Spring.
Maiesta Goddess of honor and reverence.
Mania Goddess of the dead.
Manes Similar to the Lares, Genii and Di Penates. They were the souls of deceased loved ones. They were honored during the Parentalia and Feralia in February.
Matuta Goddess of the dawn, harbors and the Sea. Patron of newborn babies. Her festival day is June 11.
Meditrina Goddess of wine and health. Her festival is the Meditrinalia on October 11.
Mefitas Goddess of poisonous vapors from the earth.
Mellona Goddess and protector of bees.
Mena Goddess of menstruation.
Mens Goddess of the mind and consciousness. Her festival is May 8.
Messor God of agriculture and mowing.
Moneta Goddess of prosperity.
Mors God of death.
Morta Goddess of death and one of the three Parcae.
Muta Goddess of silence.  
Mutinus Mutunus God of fertility.
Naenia Goddess of funerals.
Necessitas Goddess of destiny.
Nemestrinus God of the woods.
Nona Goddess of pregnancy. One of the Parcae with the Goddesses Morta and Decima, the Roman Fates.
Nox Personification of the night.
Nundina Goddess of the ninth day, on which the newborn child was given a name.
Obarator God of ploughing.
Occator God of harrowing.
Orbona Goddess of parents who lost their children.
Orcus God of death and the underworld. Also a god of oaths and punisher of perjurers.
Pales Goddess of shepherds and flocks.Her festival was the Palilia, on April 21.
Parcae Goddesses of fate. The Goddesses Nona, Morta and Decima make up the group. The three Parcae are also called Tria Fata.  
Pax Goddess of peace. Her festivals are January 3 and 30 and July 4.
Penates Gods of the storeroom and the household.
Picus God of agriculture.
Pietas Goddess of piety.  
Poena Goddess of punishment.
Pomona Goddess of fruit trees and orchards.
Portunes God of ports and harbors. He is the guardian of storehouses and locked doors. The Portunalia were observed on August 17
Porus God of plenty.
Postverta Goddess of the past.
Potina Goddess of children's drinks.
Priapus God of gardens, viniculture, sailors and fishermen.
Prorsa Postverta Goddess of women in labor.
Providentia Goddess of forethought.
Pudicitia Goddess of modesty and chastity.
Puta Goddess of the pruning of vines and trees.
Quirinus Old Sabine god with mysterious origins. Became very important as a figure of the state. His festival, the Quirinalia, was celebrated on February 17.
Quiritis Goddess of motherhood.
Robigo Goddess of corn.
Robigus God who protected corn from diseases. His festival, the Robigalia, took place on April 25.  
Roma Personified Goddess of the City of Rome.
Rumina Goddess of nursing mothers.
Sancus God of oaths and good faith.
Saritor God of weeding and hoeing.
Securitas Goddess of security and stability.
Semonia Goddess of sowing.
Sors God of luck.
Spes Goddess of hope.
Stata Mater Goddess who guards against fires.
Stimula Goddess who incites passion in women.
Strenua Goddess of strength and vigor.
Suadela Goddess of persuasion, especially in matters of love.
Subrincinator God of weeding.
Summanus God of night thunder. His festival is June 20.
Tempestes Goddesses of storms.
Terminus Terminus was the god of boundaries. Festival February 23.
Terra Mater (Mother Earth) Goddess of fertility and growth. She was worshipped on April 15 in the Fordicia.
Trivia Goddess of the crossroads.
Vacuna Goddess of agriculture.
Veritas Goddess of truth.
Vertumnus God of the changing seasons and the ripening of fruits and grains.
Viduus God who separated the soul and the body after death.
Viriplacaa Goddess of marital strife.
Virtus God of courage and military prowess.
Vitumnus God who gave life to children in the womb.
Volturnus God of the waters. His festival was the Volturnalia on August 27.
Volumna Goddess who protects the nursery.
Vulturnus God of the East Wind.

Bron: http://www.unrv.com/culture/minor-roman-god-list.php

:)
Lx
« Laatst bewerkt op: december 11, 2006, 01:33:37 am door Goodies »

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #6 Gepost op: december 26, 2006, 05:34:42 am »
Zie onder de Constantini " bust" types. Achterin RIC VIII, ter referentie.

:)
Lx
« Laatst bewerkt op: juni 10, 2007, 21:55:45 pm door Goodies »

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #7 Gepost op: maart 08, 2007, 04:20:58 am »
Bust-types RIC-VII, zie onder, bron is pagina 87ev.. Af en toe handig om voor je neus te zien als je op pagina 175 bezig bent  :-\

:)
Lx
« Laatst bewerkt op: juni 10, 2007, 21:56:11 pm door Goodies »

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Afkortingen op Romeinse munten - keizertijd
« Reactie #8 Gepost op: mei 25, 2007, 03:40:59 am »
Imperial coins legends

  A,AVL aulus
A,AN annius
ACT actius,actiacus
AD,ADI adiutrix
ADIAB adiabeniacus
ADQ see: ARAB ADQ
ADV adventus
AED aedes
AEL aelius
AET aeternitas,aeternitati
AFR africanus
ALB albinus
ALEX alexander
ALIM ITAL alimenta italiae
A N F F annum novum faustum felicem
AN DCCCLXXIII  
NAT VRB P CIR CON anno 874 natali urbis populo (or primum ) circenses constituit
ANT antonius,antoninus
APOL apollo
A POP FRUG AC a populo fruges accepit
ARAB arabicus
ARAB ADQ arabia adquisita
ARM armeniacus
AV,AVG augustus,augusta
AVGG augusti,orum
AVR aurelius
AVSPIC FEL auspicia felicia
BRIT britannicus,a
B R P NAT bono rei publicae natus
C caius,caesar
CAEL caelius
CAE,CAES caesar
CAESS caesares,caesarum
CAP capta
CARP carpicus
CASS cassianus
CC see:CAES
CEN,CENS censor
CENS P censor perpetuus
CENS POT censoria potestate
CER QVINQ ROM CON certamen quinquennale Romae constitutum
C E S cum exercitu suo
CIR CON circenses constituit
CIVIB ET SIGN MILIT  
A PART RECVP civitatibus et signis militaribus a Parthis recuperatis
C,CLAV,CLAVD claudius,a
C L caius lucius
CL V clypeus votivus
CLE,CLEM clementia
CL,CLO clodius
CNH 900 on tetrarchic coins (Mint of Nicomedia)
CN cneus
COH cohors,tium
COM commodus,comes
COM ASI comunitas Asiae
COM BIT comunitas Bytiniae
CONC concordia
CONG congiarium
CONG DAT POP congiarium datum populo
CONG P R DAT congiarium populo romano datum
CONL conlegia
CONS VRB SVAE conservator urbis suae
COS consul
COSS consules,ibus
C V AF GAL VEND caio vibio afinio gallo vendemniano
D decimus,dominiatus
DA CAP dacia capta
DAC dacicus
DE BRIT de britannis
DEC decius,decemnalia
DE GERM de germanis
DEOR deorum
DES,DESIGN designatus
DES SARM de sarmatis
DIC dictator
DIC ITER dictator secundo
DIC TER dictator tertio
DIC QVART dictator quarto
DIC PERP dictator perpetuo
DID didius
D N dominus noster
DD NN domini nostri,dominorum nostrorum
DOM dominiatus
EID MAR idibus martiis
EQV ORDIN equestris ordinis
EXER exercitus,uum
EXPED expeditio
EXP VENI expectate ,veni
EX S C ex senatus consulto
F,FEL felix,felicitatis,felicitati
F,FIL filius,a
FL flavius,a
F R, F RV fulvius rufus
FRET fretensis
FORT fortissimo
FOR fortuna,ae
FOR RED fortuna redux
G,GAL galerius
GALL gallica
GEM gemina
GEN AVG genio augusto
GEN LVG genio lugdunensis
  GEN P R ( G P R ) genio populi romani
GENT BARB gentium barbararum
G,GER,GERM germanicus,germania
G M germania maxima
H herculi
HADR hadrianus
HEL,HELV helvius
HERC COMM herculi commodiano
HERC GADIT herculi gaditano
HER ROM CON herculi romano conditori
HEREN herennius
HILAR hilaritas,itati
HOS hostilianus
IAN CLV ianum clusit
IMP imperator
IMPP imperatores
INT VRB intranti urbem (?)
INV,INVC,INVICT invictus,o
I O M  iovi optimo maximo
I O M D  iovi optimo maximo dicatum
IO MA TRI iovi maximo triumphatori
IO ET HERC iovo et herculi
IOV EXUPER iovi exuperantissimo
IOV TON iovi tonanti
IOVI OLYM iovi olimpico
IS invictus semper (?)
IT iterum
IT,ITAL italica
IVD CAP iudaea capta
IVN iunior
IVST iustus
IVV iuventutis
L lucius,licinius
LA,LAT,LATI latianus
LAET laetitiae
LEG legio
LEG PRI legio prima
LEG II,III etc. legio secunda,tertia, etc.
LIB libertas,liberalitas,libyca
LIBER libertas,liberalitas
LIBERAL liberalitas
LIBERO P libero patri
LIC licinius,licinianus
LUD SAEC F ludos saeculares fecit
M marcus,messius,mausaius,mater,  
moneta,martia,  
marcia,maxima,multis
MAT mater
MAT AVGG MAT  
SEN M PATR mater agustorum,mater senatus,mater patriae
M C mater caesaris,mater castrorum
MAVS mausaius
MAC macellum
MAG,MAGN magnus
MANL manlia
MAR VLT mars ultor
MAX maximus,a
MED medicus
MEM memoriae
MER,MERIT meritorum
MES messius
MET NOR metallum noricum
MIL militum
MIN,MINER minerva
MON moneta
MON SAC moneta sacra
MON VRB moneta urbica
MVL,MVLT multis,multiplicatis(votis)
N nostri
N C nobilissimo caesari
NN nostrorum
NN CC noblissimi caesares
N F nobilissima foemina
NAT VRB natalis urbis
NEP nepos
NEP RED neptuno reduci
NER nerva
NIG niger
NOR noricum
N V BIS CONSVL nobilissimo viro bis consul
O optimo
O M  optimo maximo
OB C S,OB CIV SER ob cives servatos
OP,OPT optimo
OPEL opelius
ORB TERR orbis terrarum
P pius,a publius
PAC paci
PAR,PARTH parthicus,a
P CONS AVG patri conservatori augusto
PER,PERP perpetuus,o
PERS persicus
PERT pertinax
PESC pescennius
PF pius felix, pia fidelis
PI,PIAV piavonius
PLA,PLAC placidius
P M  pontifex maximus
PON MA pontifex maximus
PONT MAX pontifex maximus
POP popillius
POT potestate
  P P D D permissu proconsulis, decurionum decreto
P R populi romani
PRIMIG ptimigenia
PRIN princeps
PRIN IVV princeps iuventutis
PROCOS proconsul
PROF profectio
PRON pronepos
PROP,PROPR propraetor
PROQ proquaestor
PRO,PROV providentia
PVB.PVBL publica
RED redux
RED,REDV,REDVC reduci
REI,REIP reipublicae
REQVIES OPT MER requies optimorum meritorum
RELIG religio
REN renovavit
REP reparatio
RES,REST,RESTIT restituit
ROM ET AVG romae et augusto
ROM S P AVG romae senatui populo augustus(?)
S M VRB sacra moneta urbica
SACERD COOP IN OMN  
CONL SVPRA NVM sacerdos cooptatus in omnia conlegia supra numerum
SACR FAC sacri faciundis
SAEC AVR saeculo aureo
SAEC FEL saeculo felici
SAEC FRVG saeculo frugifero
SAL salus,utis
SAL GEN HUM salus generis humani
SALL sallustia
SARM sarmaticus
S C senatus consulto
SEC ORB securitas,atis orbis
SEN seniori
SEP,SEPT septimus
SER servius
SEV severus
SEX sextus
SIGN RECEP signis receptis
S P Q R senatus populusque romanus
SVL,SVLP sulpicius
T titus
TI tiberius
TEM ,TEMP temporum
TER,TERT tertio
TREB trebonianus
TR P, TR POT tribunicia potestate
TRIB POT tribunicia potestate
VAL valerius,a; valens
VESP vespasianus
VIB vibius
VIC,VICT victoria
V,VLP ulpia
V C R I M D R vir consularis rex imperator dux romanorum
VN MR venerandae memoriae
VOT vota,is
VOT OPT vota optata
VOT PUB vota publica
VOT SOL vota soluta
VOT SVSC vota suscepta
VOT V vota quinquennalia
VOT X vota decennalia
VOT XX vota vicennalia
VOT X ET XX votis decennalibus(solutis) et vicennalibus (susceptis)
VOT X MVLT XX votis decennalibus(solutis) multis vicennalibus(susceptis)
VOT XX SIC XXX votis vicennalibus feliciter soluptis, sic tricennalia solventur
VOTIS MVLTIS votis multis susceptis solutisque
V V valeria victrix
XV VIR SAC FAC quindecemviri sacris faciundis
XXXX quadragesima

Bron: http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Aegean/5603/abb.htm#impl

:)
Lx
 

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #9 Gepost op: juli 21, 2007, 03:26:24 am »
Voor de jaartallen vond ik een afbeelding
In 1 oogopslag kun je het bekijken.
mvg Roald
Ik ben niet gek
Cedo Nulli

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels
« Reactie #10 Gepost op: juli 21, 2007, 16:58:26 pm »
Mooi plaatje  )): ik heb bovenaan een linkje geplaatst..

 :)
Lx

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Dateringen bij Tetradrachmae van Alexandria
« Reactie #11 Gepost op: januari 21, 2009, 02:35:16 am »
Bron: Scans uit het referentiewerk van Milne, on-line bij Coins of Roman Egypt.

:)
Lx


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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Reactie #12 Gepost op: juni 28, 2009, 01:39:10 am »
hoihoi,

Op zoek naar de betekenis van MARTI PROPVGNATORI kwam ik zojuist deze handige lijst tegen, bron is Calkins - RCI, onderdeel van Calkins (die binnenkort verdwijnt ;) )

Roman Coin Inscriptions

Inscriptions on Roman coins, summarized from references listed here.

Note - Doubled letters used as plurals, e.g. one ruler is AUG and two agusti AUGG, one Caesar is CAES and two is CAESS, or D N vs D D N N where N N is read as "our".

Inscription    Translation
     
Advent Aug (Augg)    Arrival of the emperor (emperors).
Adventuri Aug Felicissimo    Refers to the felicitations of the Roman people upon the return of the emperor.
Aeternae memoriae    (to) Eternal rememberance.
Apolloni sancto    (to) Holy Apollo.
Augustus, (Augusta - feminine)    Most distinctive of imperial titles which is used only by the reigning emperor or his family.
Beata tranquillitas    Blessed Peace (of the state).
Bono Genio Pii Imperatoris    (to) the good Genius of the emperor.
Bonus Eventus    Good events, or happenings.
Cereri Frugif    (to) The fruit-bearing Ceres.
Claritas Reipub    Brightness of the Republic.
Clementia Temp    Clemency of the emperor (at the time).
Colonia Bostra    Colonia of Bostra (Arabia)
Concord Aequit    Concord of Equity.
Concordia Augg    Concord of the emperors.
Concord Mili or Concordia Militum    Military concord.
Conserv Urb Suae    Conserver of the city (Rome).
Comiti Augg NN    Retinue of the emperors.
COS (Consul)    One of the two chief magistrates of the Roman state, and often the emperor was one.
Dacia    A country.
Deo Vulcano    (to) The god Vulcan.
Diana Lucifera    Diana the bringer of light.
Dis Genitalibus    For having children.
D N (Dominus Noster)    Our Lord, in the context of our lord and ruler of the Roman people
D N Licini Augusti    (of) our lord Licinius, emperor.
Dominor Nostror Caess    Caesars, our lords.
Erculi Victori    To Hercules the Victor.
E X S C Ob Cives Servatos    A decree of the senate bestowed for having saved the lives of citizens.
Fecund Augustae    Fertility of the Empress.
Fel Temp Reparatio    Restoration of the happy times.
Felicitas Augg NN    Happiness of our emperors.
Felicitas Republicae    Happiness of the Republic.
Felix Advent Augg NN    Happy arrival of both our emperors.
Fides Exerc, or Fides Exercitum    Fidelity of the soldiers, or of the army.
Fides Mutua Augg    Mutual faith of the emperors.
Fort red, or Fortuna Redux    Fortunate return of our emperor.
Fortunae Reduci Augg NN    (to) the fortunate return of our emperors.
Genio Antiocheni    Genius (Guardian) of Antioch.
Genio Augg et Caesarum NN    (to) the genius of the emperors and our Caesars.
Genio Augusti, Genio Imperatoris    (to) the genius of the emperor (or emperors).
Genio Pop Rom    (to) the genius of the Roman people.
Genius Senatus    Genius of the senate.
Germania    A country, province.
Gloria Novi Saeculi    The glory of the new age.
Gloria Romanorum    The glory of Rome (Of the Romans).
Hilaritas Augg    Mirth, or joy, of our emperors.
Hoc Signo Victor Eris    By this sign shalt thou be the victor (or, shalt thou conquer).
Honos    Honor.
Honos et Virtus    Honor and virtue.
IMP (Imperator)    Emperor.
Indulgentia Augg In Carth    Indulgence of the emperors to Carthage.
Iovi Conservatori Augg NN    (to) Jupiter, conservator of our emperors.
Iov Exsup, etc.    Jove (Jupiter) who excels in all things.
Iovi Propugnatori    (to) Jupiter the defender.
Iovi Statori    (to) Jupiter the stabilizer.
Iovi Vot Susc Pro Sal Caes Aug SPQR    Vows to Jupiter by the senate adn the Roman people for the restoration of the health of the emperor.
Iul    Julius, or Julia.
Iun    Junior.
Iuno Felix    Happy Juno.
Iuno Lucina    Goddess of light.
Iuno Regina    Juno the Queen.
Iunoni Martiali    (to) the war-like Juno.
Iuppitor Custos    Jupiter the custodian.
Iustitia    Justice.
Iuventus Augustus    The young Augustus.
Isis Faria    Isis, protectress of the Island of Pharos.
Laetit Fundata, Laetitia Fund    Well founded rejoicing.
Leg I, Leg II, Leg III, etc.    The numbers of the legions.
Lib Aug, etc.    Liberality of the emperor
Mag Pius    Great and pious.
Mars Ultor    Mars, the avenger.
Mars Victor    Mars, the victor.
Mart Pac, Marti Pacif, or Pacifero    Mars, the pacifier.
Marti Conservatori    (to) Mars the Conservator.
Marti Pacifier    (to) Mars the Pacifier.
Marti Propugt (or Propugnatori)    (to) Mars the Defender.
Mauretania    A province.
Miliarum Saeculum    Commencement of the new era, or age.
Miner Fautr    Minerva who gives favors.
Moneta Aug    Money of the emperor.
Munificentia Aug    Munificence of the emperor.
N F (Nobilissima Femina)    Most noble woman.
Oriens Aug    Rising sun (of the emperor).
Pacator Orbis    Pacifier of the earth.
Pace Pr Ubiq Parta Ianum Clusit    Refers to the portal of Janus being closed, indicating peace.
Paci Augustae    To the peace of the emperor.
Par, Ar, Ad, etc.    Parthia, Arabia, Adiabenius (conquered nations).
Pax Fundata Cum Persis    Firm peace with the Persians.
Pietas Mutua Aug    The mutual piety of the two Augusti.
Pietas Romana    Roman piety.
PM (Pontifex Maximus)    Literally "head priest", the ruler's title as supreme head of the Roman religion.
Popul Iussu    By order of the Roman people.
PP (Pater Patriae)    Father of his country.
Primi Decennales    (of the) First period of ten years.
Profectio Aug    The emperor setting out for a visit or expedition.
Prov Deor, Provid Deor, Providentia Deorum    Providence of the gods
Providentiae Caess    Foresight of the Caesars.
Rector Orbis    Master of the world.
Regi Artis    (to the) King of the Arts.
Relig Aug    Religion of the emperor.
Reliqua Vetera H S Novies Mill Abolita    Refers to the liberality of the emperor (Hadrian) in remitting debts.
Reparatio Reipub    Restoration of the Republic.
Restitutor Africae
Restitutor, or ruler of Africa.
Restitutor Orbis
Restitutor, or ruler of the world.
Restitutor Urbis
Restitutor, or ruler of the city.
Sac Mon Urb Augg et Caes NN or Sacra Monet Augg et Caes Nostr    Sacred money of Rome, our emperors and our Caesars.
Saec Fel    Happy Age.
Saeculi (or Seculi) Felicitas    Happy Age (also, refers to the secular games).
Saeculo Frugifero    (to) The fruitful age.
Saeculum Novum    The new age.
Sal Gen Hum, or Salus Generis Humani    Lasting health to all humans.
Salus DD NN Aug et Caes    The health of Augustus and Caesar, our lords.
Salus Reipublicae    the health of the Republic.
Sanct Deo Soli Elagabal    (to) Holy Sun-God Elagabalus.
Sarmatia Devicta    Victory over Sarmatia.
Securit Imperii    Security of the empire.
Securit Perp    Eternal security.
Serapi Comiti Aug    (to) Serapis, Companion and god of the emperor.
Soli Invicto Comiti    (to) The unconquerable Sun-God.
Senatus Populusque Romanus    The senate and the Roman people.
SPQR Optimo Principi    The senate and the Roman people to the highest prince.
Spes Perpetua    Eternal hope.
Spes Romanorum    Hope of the Romans.
Summus Sacerdos Aug    Highest prince (or priest) Augustus.
Tempor Felix    the happy times.
Tiberis    The Tiber (a personification).
TR P (Tribunicia Potestate)    The tribunician power, the emperor as civil head of the state.
Ubertas    Fertility.
Undique Victores    Victory everywhere.
Urbs Roma Felix    The happy city, Rome.
Veneri Victrici    (to) Venus the Victress.
Venus Coelestis    Heavenly Venus.
Venus Felix    Happy Venus.
Victoria Aeterna Aug N    Eternal victory for our emperor.
Victoriae DD Augg NN    (to) Victory of our emperors.
Virtus Exerciti    Referring to the courage of the army.
Virtus Militum    Victory (Virtue) of the army.
Virtus Romanorum    Virtue of the Romans.
Vot Susc or Vota Suscepta    Sacrifice vows.
Votis Decennalibus    Vows of the ten years, or the tenth year.
Vota Publica    Public vows.


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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Reactie #13 Gepost op: augustus 01, 2009, 01:59:20 am »
Keizerlijst (in feite: personenlijst) in het RIC- en RCV systeem (met dan aan Christine, bron was Forumancient..

Person    RIC Vol    Notes    RCV Vol    Notes
Aelia Flaccilla, wife of Theodosius I    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Aelia Verina, wife of Leo I    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    Listed as Verina.
Aelius, Caesar under Hadrian    RIC II    Listed as L. Aelius Caesar    RCV 2002    —
Aemilian    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Agrippa, deceased grandfather of Caligula    RIC I    For restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian.    RCV 2000    At the end of the section on Caligula. See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
Agrippa Postumus, son of Agrippa, grandson of Augustus    —    —    RCV 2000    Provincial coinage
Agrippina I, deceased mother of Caligula, deceased sister-in-law of Claudius I.    RIC I    Listed under Gaius and Claudius. For restorations see under Titus.    RCV 2000    See under Caligula; see also under Claudius. See also under Titus for restoration coinage.
Agrippina II, wife of Claudius I, mother of Nero.    RIC I    Listed under Claudius.    RCV 2000    Listed as Agrippina Junior.
Albinus, Clodius    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Alexander    RIC VI    Listed as Domitius Alexander.    RCV 1988    —
Allectus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 1988    —
Amandus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 1988    —
Anastasius I    —    —    RCV 1988    —
Annia Faustina, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Anonymous quadrantes    RIC II    —    RCV 2000    At the end of the book.
Anthemius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Antinoüs, companion of Hadrian    —    —    RCV 2002    Alexandrian coins.
Antonia, deceased mother of Claudius I    RIC I    —    RCV 2000    See under Claudius
Antoninus Pius    RIC III    For coins as Caesar, see also under Hadrian. For coins as Divus Antoninus Pius, see under Marcus Aurelius. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    For coins as Divus Antoninus Pius see after Marcus Aurelius; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Aquilia Severa, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Arcadius    RIC IX, RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Ariadne, wife of Zeno, wife of Anastasius I.    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Augustus    RIC I    See also under Gaius for Divus Augustus. For restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; Nerva; and Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2000    See under Claudius for Divus Augustus. For Divus Augustus restoration coinage, see under Titus; Domitian; Nerva; Trajan; and also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Aurelian    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Aureolus    RIC V, 2    Listed at the end under "Usurpers," but the genuineness of the coins is doubtful.    —    Coins were struck under the name of Postumus.
Avitus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Balbinus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Basiliscus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Bonosus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 1988    Not included in RCV 2005. Coins may actually be barbarous radiates.
Britannicus, son of Claudius I    See RIC I p.130    There is a note in RIC I that the coins of Britannicus are actually restored issues of Titus, but they don't appear in RIC II. What was being restored, I wonder?    RCV 2000    —
Caligula    RIC I    Listed as Gaius.    RCV 2000    —
Caracalla    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    For coins as Divus Caracalla see also under Elagabalus.
Carausius    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 1988    —
Carinus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Carus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    See also under Carinus for coins as Divus Carus.
Civil Wars, AD 68-9    RIC I    —    RCV 2000    —
Claudius I    RIC I    For restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; and Trajan.    RCV 2000    See also under Nero for coins as Divus Claudius. For restoration coinage, see also under Titus; Domitian; and Trajan.
Claudius II "Gothicus"    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    See also under Quintillus for coins as Divus Claudius.
Clara, Didia, daughter of Didius Julianus    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    —
Clodius Albinus    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Clodius Macer, revolt against Nero in Africa.    RIC I    Listed as L. Clodius Macer    RCV 2000    Listed under Civil Wars.
Commodus    RIC III    Also as Caesar under Marcus Aurelius. For coins as Divus Commodus, see under Septimius Severus. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    For the deceased Commodus with CONSECRATIO reverse see also under Septimius Severus; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Constans, Flavius Julius, son of Constantine I and Fausta    RIC VII and RIC VIII    Not the same person as the Constans listed in RIC X under Constantine III.    RCV 1988    Listed just as Constans. Not to be confused with the son of Constantine III, who is also listed just as Constans.
Constans, son of Constantine III, considered a usurper.    RIC X    Not the same person as the Constans listed in RIC VII and RIC VIII.    RCV 1988    Listed just as Constans. Not to be confused with Flavius Julius Constans, who is also listed just as Constans.
Constantia, wife of Licinius I, sister of Constantine I.    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantine I "The Great"    RIC VI and RIC VII    See also RIC VIII for the deified Constantine I.    RCV 1988    Listed as Constantine.
Constantine II    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantine III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantinopolis    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    Listed under Constantine I.
Constantius I    RIC V, 2 and RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantius II    RIC VII and RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantius III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Constantius Gallus    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Cornelia Supera, consort of Aemilian    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Crispina, wife of Commodus.    RIC III    —    RCV 2002    —
Crispus    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Decentius    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Delmatius    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Diadumenian, son of Macrinus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Didia Clara, daughter of Didius Julianus    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    —
Didius Julianus    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Diocletian    RIC V, 2 and RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Domitia, wife of Domitian.    RIC II 2007    Under Domitian.    RCV 2000    —
Domitian    RIC II 2007    For coins as Caesar, see also under Vespasian and Titus.    RCV 2000    —
Domitianus    RIC V, 2    Listed as Domitianus of Gaul    RCV 2005    —
Domitilla I, wife of Vespasian, mother of Titus    RIC II 2007    See under Titus and Domitian    RCV 2000    See under Titus and Domitian.
Domitilla II, daughter of Vespasian    —    —    RCV 2000    I have seen a claim that there are coins of Domitilla II which have been incorrectly attributed to, and listed under, Domitilla I at the end of Titus. But the new RIC II 2007 still lists these coins under Domitilla I, so this re-attribution to the daughter is dubious.
Domitius Domitianus    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Domna, Julia    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    After Septimius Severus, and again after Caracalla. For coins as Diva Julia Domna see also under Elagabalus.
Drusus, deceased son of Tiberius    RIC I    Listed under Tiberius. For restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian.    RCV 2000    See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
Dryantilla, wife of Regalian    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Etruscilla, Herennia, wife of Trajan Decius    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Etruscus, Herennius    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Eudocia, wife of Theodosius II    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Eudoxia, wife of Arcadius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Eudoxia, Licinia, daughter of Theodosius II and Eudocia, wife of Valentinian III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Eugenius    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Euphemia, daughter of Marcian, wife of Euphemius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Fausta, wife of Constantine I    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Faustina, Annia, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Faustina I (Senior), wife of Antoninus Pius    RIC III    —    RCV 2002    Separate sections for Diva Faustina Senior and Faustina Senior.
Faustina II (Junior), daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina I, wife of Marcus Aurelius, mother of Commodus    RIC III    Listed under Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius.    RCV 2002    Separate sections after Antoninus Pius and Marcus Aurelius. Diva Faustina Junior also has a separate section after Marcus Aurelius.
Flaccilla, Aelia, wife of Theodosius I    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Flavius Victor    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Florian    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Gaius Caesar, grandson of Augustus    RIC I    Augustus 539 and 540; these may actually be of the senior Augustus.    RCV 2000    —
Galba    RIC I    For restorations, see also under Titus; Trajan    RCV 2000    See also under Civil Wars for Spanish coins. For restoration coinage, See also under Titus; Trajan.
Galeria Valeria, daughter of Diocletian, wife of Galerius    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Galerius    RIC V, 2 and RIC VI    Listed as Galerius Maximian    RCV 1988    —
Galla Placidia, daughter of Theodosius I    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Gallic Revolt of 69-70    RIC I    Listed under Civil Wars.    RCV 2000    Listed under Civil Wars.
Gallienus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Germanicus, deceased brother of Claudius I, deceased father of Caligula    RIC I    Listed under Gaius. For restorations, see also under Titus and Domitian.    RCV 2000    See under Caligula; also see under Claudius. See also under Titus and Domitian for restoration coinage.
Geta    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Glycerius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Gordian I "Africanus"    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Gordian II "Africanus"    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Gordian III    RIC IV, 2 and 3    As Caesar in RIC IV, 2 under Balbinus and Pupienus. As Augustus in RIC IV, 3.    RCV 2005    —
Gratian    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Hadrian    RIC II    For Divus Hadrian, see under Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    See also after Antoninus Pius for more, including coins of Divus Hadrian; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Hanniballianus    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Helena, wife of Constantius I, mother of Constantine I.    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Herennia Etruscilla, wife of Trajan Decius    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Herennius Etruscus    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Honoria, sister of Valentinian III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Honorius    RIC IX and RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Hostilian    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Johannes    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Jotapian    RIC IV, 3    Listed as Jotapianus.    RCV 2005    —
Jovian    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Jovinus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Julia Domna    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    After Septimius Severus, and again after Caracalla. For coins as Diva Julia Domna see also under Elagabalus.
Julia Maesa, sister of Julia Domna, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander.    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    For coins as Diva Julia Maesa see also under Severus Alexander.
Julia Mamaea, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Severus Alexander.    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Julia Paula, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Julia Soaemias, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Julia Titi, daughter of Titus, niece and mistress of Domitian.    RIC II 2007    Listed under Titus and again under Domitian. For coins as Diva Julia see under Domitian.    RCV 2000    Listed just as Julia, once after Titus and again after Domitian. See also under Domitian for the deceased Diva Julia.
Julian of Pannonia, usurper against Carinus    RIC V, 2    Listed as Julian I    RCV 2005    —
Julian II    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Julianus, Didius    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Julius Caesar    RIC II    Restored coinage under Trajan.    RCV 2002    Restored coinage under Trajan.
Julius Nepos    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Laelianus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    Listed as Laelian
Leo I    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Leo II    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Leontius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of Theodosius II and Eudocia, wife of Valentinian III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Licinius I    RIC VI and RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Licinius II    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Livia, wife of Augustus    RIC I    Listed under Tiberius. For restorations, see also under Titus    RCV (2000)    See also under Titus for restoration coinage.
Lucilla, daughter of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina Junior, wife of Lucius Verus.    RIC III    Listed under Marcus Aurelius.    RCV 2002    —
Lucius Caesar, grandson of Augustus    —    —    RCV 2000    Spanish and Asian coinage.
Lucius Verus    RIC III    —    RCV 2002    There is also a small section as Divus Lucius Verus after Marcus Aurelius.
Macrianus I    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    Listed as Macrian
Macrianus II, usurper    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    Listed as Macrian
Macrinus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Maesa, Julia, sister of Julia Domna, grandmother of Elagabalus and Severus Alexander.    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    For coins as Diva Julia Maesa see also under Severus Alexander.
Magnentius    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Magnia Urbica, wife of Carinus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Magnus Maximus    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Majorian    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Mamaea, Julia, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Severus Alexander.    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Manlia Scantilla, wife of Didius Julianus    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    —
Marcian    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Marciana, deceased sister of Trajan.    RIC II    —    RCV 2002    Following Trajan.
Marcus Aurelius    RIC III    See under Antoninus Pius for coins as Caesar. For Divus Marcus Aurelius, see under Commodus. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    See also after Commodus for Divus Marcus Aurelius; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Mariniana, wife of Valerian, mother of Gallienus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    Listed under Valerian as Diva Mariniana
Marius    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Martinian    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    —
Matidia, niece of Trajan, mother-in-law of Hadrian.    RIC II    Listed under both Trajan and Hadrian.    RCV 2002    Following Trajan, and again following Hadrian.
Maxentius    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Maximianus    RIC V, 2 and RIC VI    Listed as Maximian Herculeus in RIC V, and as Maximian Herculius in RIC VI.    RCV 1988    —
Maximinus I    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Maximinus II    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Maximus, son of Maximinus I    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Maximus of Spain    RIC X    Listed as Maximus of Barcelona.    RCV 1988    —
Messalina, Statilia, wife of Nero    xx    —    RCV 2000    —
Nepotian    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Nero    RIC I    —    RCV 2000    —
Nero Claudius Drusus, father of Claudius    RIC I    Listed under Claudius. For restorations, see also under Titus    RCV 2000    Listed under Claudius. See also under Titus for restoration coinage.
Nero and Drusus Caesars, deceased brothers of Caligula.    RIC I    under Gaius.    RCV 2000    Listed at the end of the section on Caligula.
Nerva    RIC II    For restorations, see also under Trajan. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    See also under Trajan for the deceased Divus Nerva. For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Nigrinian, deceased grandson of Carus, son of Carinus    RIC V, 2    Listed as Nigrinianus    RCV 2005    Listed after Carinus
Numerian    RIC V, 2    Listed as Numerianus.    RCV 2005    See also under Carinus for coins as Divus Numerian.
Odovacar    RIC X    —    —    —
Olybrius    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Orbiana, wife of Severus Alexander    RIC IV, 2    Listed as Sallustia Barbia Orbiana.    RCV 2002    —
Otacilia Severa, wife of Philip I    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Otho    RIC I    —    RCV 2000    —
Pacatian    RIC IV, 3    as Pacatianus    RCV 2005    —
Paula, Julia, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Paulina, wife of Maximinus I    RIC IV, 2    Listed as Diva Paulina.    RCV 2005    Listed under Maximinus as Diva Paulina
Pertinax    RIC IV,1    See also under Septimius Severus for Divus Pertinax    RCV 2002    For coins as Divus Pertinax see also under Septimius Severus.
Pertinax Junior    —    —    RCV 2002    Alexandrian coins.
Pescenius Niger    RIC IV,1    —    RCV 2002    —
Petronius Maximus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Philip I    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Philip II, son of Philip I    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Plautilla, wife of Caracalla    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    —
Plotina, wife of Trajan.    RIC II    —    RCV 2002    After Trajan, and again after Hadrian.
Poppaea, second wife of Nero    —    —    RCV 2000    Provincial coinage with her daughter Claudia.
Postumus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Priscus Attalus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Probus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Procopius    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Pulcheria, Aelia, sister of Theodosius II    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    Listed as Pulcheria.
Pupienus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Quietus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Quintillus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Regalian, usurper against Gallienus    RIC V, 2    Listed as Regalianus    RCV 2005    —
Romulus, deceased son of Maxentius    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    Coins as Divus Romulus
Romulus Augustus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Sabina, wife of Hadrian    RIC II    —    RCV 2002    For coins as Diva Sabina see a few pages earlier under Hadrian.
Salonina, wife of Gallienus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Saloninus, son of Gallienus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Saturninus, usuper against Probus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Soaemias, Julia, neice of Julia Domna, daughter of Julia Maesa, mother of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Scantilla, Manlia, wife of Didius Julianus    RIC IV, 1    —    RCV 2002    —
Sebastianus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Septimius Severus    RIC IV,1    See also under Caracalla for Divus Severus. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    For coins as Divus Septimius Severus see also under Caracalla; also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Severa, Aquilia, wife of Elagabalus    RIC IV, 2    —    RCV 2002    —
Severina, wife of Aurelian    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Severus II Caesar    RIC VI    —    RCV 1988    —
Severus III    RIC X    Listed as Libius Severus    RCV 1988    —
Severus Alexander    RIC IV, 2    See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Silbannacus, usurper of Valerian    RIC IV, 3    Listed as Mar. Silbannicus, attributed to the later years of Philip I.    RCV 2005    —
Sponsianus    RIC IV, 3    —    xx    —
Statilia Messalina, wife of Nero    xx    —    RCV 2000    —
Supera, Cornelia, consort of Aemilian    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Tacitus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Tetricus I    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Tetricus II, son of Tetricus I    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Theodora, deceased wife of Constantius I    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Theodosius I    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Theodosius II    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Tiberius    RIC I    For restorations, see also under Titus; Domitian; Trajan.    RCV 2000    For restoration coinage, See also under Titus; Domitian; Trajan.
Titi, Julia, daughter of Titus, niece and mistress of Domitian.    RIC II 2007    Listed under Titus and again under Domitian. For coins as Diva Julia see under Domitian.    RCV 2000    Listed just as Julia, once after Titus and again after Domitian. See also under Domitian for the deceased Diva Julia.
Titus    RIC II 2007    For coins as Caesar, see also under Vespasian. For Divus Titus, see under Domitian. For restorations, see under Trajan. Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2000    For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Trajan    RIC II    Also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2002    Among his restoration coinage were several Republican types as well as previous emperors. See also under Hadrian for the deceased Divus Trajan; see also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Trajan Senior, father of Trajan    RIC II    —    RCV 2002    following Trajan.
Trajan Decius    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Tranquillina, wife of Gordian III    RIC IV, 3    as Sabinia Tranquillina.    RCV 2005    —
Trebonianus Gallus    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Urbs Roma    RIC VII    —    RCV 1988    Listed under Constantine.
Uranius Antoninus    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Vabalathus    RI V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Valens, Aurelius Valerius    RIC VII    Not the same man as the Valens listed in RIC IX.    RCV 1988    Listed just as Valens. Do not confuse with Flavius Valens, also listed just as Valens.
Valens, Flavius    RIC IX    Not the same man as the Valens listed in RIC VII.    RCV 1988    Listed just as Valens. Do not confuse with Aurelius Valerius Valens, also listed just as Valens.
Valentinian I    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Valentinian II    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Valentinian III    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —
Valeria Messalina, wife of Claudius I    RIC I    Listed under Claudius.    RCV 2000    Listed as Messalina.
Valerian I    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Valerian II, son of Gallienus    RIC V, 1    —    RCV 2005    —
Verina, Aelia, wife of Leo I    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    Listed as Verina.
Vespasian    RIC II 2007    For posthumous coins as Divus Vespasian, see under Titus and Domitian. For restorations, see also under Trajan. See also under Trajan Decius as one of the "Consecratio Issues of the Divi"    RCV 2000    For posthumous coins as Divus Vespasian, see under Titus and Domitian. For restoration coinage, see also under Trajan; see also Trajan Decius as one of the "Imperial Divi"
Vespasian Junior, at one time adopted by Domitian.    —    —    RCV 2000    Provincial coinage.
Vetranio    RIC VIII    —    RCV 1988    —
Victor, Flavius    RIC IX    —    RCV 1988    —
Victorinus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Vindex, revolt against Nero in Gaul    RIC I    See under Civil Wars.    RCV 2000    Listed under Civil Wars.
Vitellius    RIC I    —    RCV 2000    See also under Civil Wars for pro-Vitellian forces in Southern Gaul.
Volusian    RIC IV, 3    —    RCV 2005    —
Zeno    RIC X    First and second reigns are both in RIC X.    RCV 1988    —
Zenobia, mother of Vabalathus    RIC V, 2    —    RCV 2005    —
Zenonis, wife of Basiliscus    RIC X    —    RCV 1988    —

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Reactie #14 Gepost op: oktober 27, 2009, 14:53:41 pm »
Nog meer detail bij de datering van Domitianus, sorry voor de layout.. bron is ForumAncient

IMP CAESAR DOMITIANVS AVG
 TR P COS VII
 late September 81
 
IMP CAES DOMITIAN(VS) AVG PONT
 TR P COS VII DES VIII P P
P P COS VII DES VIII
 early October 81 ?
 
IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMIT AVG PONT
 P P COS VII DES VIII
 early October 81 ?
 
IMP CAES DIVI VESP F DOMITIAN AVG P M
 TR P COS VII DES VIII P P
 Oct -Dec 81
 
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG P M
 TR P COS VII DES VIII P P
TR POT COS VIII P P
TR POT IMP II COS VIII DES VIIII P P
IVPPITER CONSERVATOR
SALVS AVGVST
TR POT COS VIIII P P
TR POT II COS VIIII DES X P P
 Oct -Dec 81
early 82
later 82
82-83
82-83
earlier in 83
Sept - Dec 83
 
IMP CAES DOMITIANVS AVG GERMANIC
 P M TR POT III IMP V COS X P P
P M TR POT IIII IMP VIII COS XI P P
 84
Ian-March 85
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P(OT) IIII
 
 IMP VIIII COS XI CENSORIA POTESTAT P P
IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POTES P P
IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P
 
April 85
May 85
May-Sept 85
 
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P V
 IMP VIIII COS XI CENS POT P P
IMP XI COS XI CENS P P P
IMP XI COS XII CENS P P P
IMP XII COS XII CENS P P P
 Sept - Nov 85
Dec 85
early 86
before Sept 86
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VI
 
 IMP XII COS XII CENS P P P
IMP XIII COS XII CENS P P P
IMP XIIII COS XII CENS P P P
IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P
 Sept - Dec 86
Sept - Dec 86
Sept - Dec 86
Ian - Sept 87
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII
 IMP XIIII COS XIII CENS P P P
 Sept - Dec 87
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERMAN P M TR P VII
 IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P
 early 88
 
IMP CAES DOMITIAN(VS) AVG GERMANIC(VS)
 COS XIIII
 early 88
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM(ANIC) COS XIIII
 CENS P P P
CENS PER P P
 88-89, probably
only early 88
 

IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VII
 IMP XIIII COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XV COS XIIII CENS P P P
 Ian - Sept 88
Sept 88
 
IMP CAES DOMIT(IAN) AVG GERM P M TR P VIII
 COS XIIII LVD SAEC FEC
 late 88
Oct 88
late 88
late 88
before Sept 89
Sept 89
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIII
 IMP XVI COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XVII COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XVIII COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XIX COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XXI COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P VIIII
 IMP XXI COS XIIII CENS P P P
IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P
 Sept - Dec 89
Ian - Sept 90
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P X
 IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P
 Sept 90 - Sept 91
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XI
 IMP XXI COS XV CENS P P P
IMP XXI COS XVI CENS P P P
IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P
 Sept - Dec 91
Ian - Sept 92
Sept 92
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XII
 IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P
 Sept 92- Sept 93
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIII
 IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P
 Sept 93 - Sept 94
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XIIII
 IMP XXII COS XVI CENS P P P
IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P
 Sept - Dec 94
Ian - Sept 95
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XV
 IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P
 Sept 95 - Sept 96
 
IMP CAES DOMIT AVG GERM P M TR P XVI
 IMP XXII COS XVII CENS P P P
 Sept 96
 
DOMITIANVS AVG GERM IMP CAES c. 94 - 96
 
 

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Reactie #15 Gepost op: september 10, 2010, 15:32:35 pm »
Obverse busts RIC-7 (alles alleen voor eind 3e- eind 4e eeuw)

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Re: Jaartallen bij de keizertitels (en andere referenties)
« Reactie #16 Gepost op: januari 24, 2011, 00:53:50 am »
Veel gestelde vraag: hoe zitten muntplaats-exergues in elkaar (dank Sebastiaan voor de laatste PB  ;D )

Poging tot korte uitleg:
-------------------------------

De exergue (tekstje onder op keerzijde) bepaalt de muntplaats, het muntkantoor en (ongeveer) de datering, of emissie.

Hangt ervan af naar welke plaats en tijd je kijkt. Er zit wel altijd een systeem in, maar elke plaats had een eigen systeem.

SIS - A   ... eerste officina (A) van Siscia (SIS)
A - SIS   ... idem !

. SIS A en SIS A verschilen dus op de dot, in RIC woprdt dit gezien als emissieteken. RIC hanteert dan een ander nummer, dus de dot of het symbool naast de muntplaats is vaak belangrijker dan A,B,C,D voor het officina.

Een ander systeem is voor een muntstad met twee officinae, dan zie je vaak P (primera) en S (secunda) voor bijvoorbeeld Lugdunum (Lyons) en Londinium (Londen) dan is het

PLG .. eerste officina (P) van Lugdunum (LG)

PLN .. eerste officina (P) van Londinium

Andere numismaten zien geen tweede officina, dan is het Pecunia Lugdunum (PLG)

Voor Heraclea en Nicomedia zie je SM: dus SMH of SMN, dat "SM" is dan Sacre Moneta, de H en de N zijn dan de stadsaanduidingen.

Dan krijg je dus

SMHA   ... eerste officina (A) van Heraclea

Iets dergelijks voor Antiochia (SMANT)

Voor Rome is het heel vaak R symbool letter, dus R - ster - gamma is derde officina Rome (gamma) emissie ster.

:)
Lx